The sciatic nerve, also known as the ischiatic nerve, spans from the lower back down to the upper leg and foot, being the body’s longest nerve.
Sciatica emerges from nerve irritability, inflammation, or damage, typically due to pressure exerted on the nerve, such as during pregnancy or from poor posture straining the back. The pain begins in the spine and extends down the back of the leg, typically affecting only one side of the body. Though symptoms can vary, they often manifest in the back, legs, and buttocks. Here are seven key symptoms associated with sciatica:
1. Lower back pain is commonly the initial sign, ranging from mild to severe with sensations of stinging or burning. Shooting pains may hinder standing straight and can be accompanied by muscle weakness, numbness, or tingling in the leg, foot, or toes.
2. Pain in the rear of the leg stems from the vertebral disc pressing on lumbar roots, resulting in intensified pain with movement. Treatment might involve medication or, in severe cases, surgery for full recovery.
3. Hip pain, often due to inflammation around the hip nerve linked to lower back issues, might benefit from relieving yoga exercises to manage inflammation and hip discomfort.
4. Burning sensations in the leg, often described as pins and needles, are frequently reported by sciatica patients, particularly in the affected leg.
5. Leg weakness arises from nerve inflammation or damage, causing difficulty in movement and decreased muscle strength, mainly in one leg. Walking slowly is advised, and worsening symptoms might require surgery to prevent permanent nerve damage.
6. Difficulty in leg movement can result from nerve damage, affecting mobility, with struggles in bending or moving legs in certain directions.
7. Nerve pain in the lower back, often sudden and shooting, might occur during strenuous activities or certain movements, leading to discomfort in specific positions or actions, primarily due to inactivity.